Tag Archives: Afghan Taliban

#PeaceTalks with Afghan Taliban

Afghanistan, Pakistan, United States and China are going to the table once again to put an end to the paused peace process of Afghanistan with the Afghan Taliban. Earlier the process was stopped owing to the death disclosure of the then Taliban head (emir of the faithful as they call) Mullah Omer at a time when Kabul and Islamabad was reaching to a work plan.

This time Taliban are not invited as they have already demanded direct talks with the United States instead of Afghan government (as they always gesture to the second as puppet).

Sartaj Aziz, a veteran politician of PMLN and, the Pakistan’s foreign affairs adviser to the Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif, has already stated that he can’t name the factions of Taliban ready for the talks with Afghanistan (Dawn Reported).

The four point agenda would be 1) Taliban would be asked to gain their political goals via dialogues instead of insecurity 2) paving the way for direct talks with Taliban 3) confidence building and bringing Taliban to the dialogue table 4) a realistic and flexible roadmap, steps and phases, but to avoid unrealistic targets and deadlines.

No doubt this time the shape of Taliban dialogue would be changing; because they are already shown divided in different factions as gestured by Sartaj Aziz. And their killing of parties in Pakistan as well as Afghanistan is reported since they met in Murree (reported by Daily Beast) some two years ago one of their leading commanders in absence of Mullah Omer called upon the groups to stop killing leaders. It happened after some of the Quetta Shura members were killed in Quetta (In news outlet Taliban pointed their fingers on National Directorate of Security, Afghan spy agency).

The Chinese expansion in the region as one of the emerging power from the east is obvious; it’s planned its corridor net in Pakistan would be stretching to the Central Asian Countries soon using Afghanistan as its shortest way connecting it further to the Pakistani deep seaport of Gawadar. On the other hand Americans are angry over the speedy popping up of new terrorist group Islamic State (Daesh an Arabic Acronym) in Afghanistan Pakistan region. This group can derail the fourteen years old investment, military, logistics, revenue use of the International Coalition partners in NATO; where the biggest share is made by the United States. This is the reason these two nations China and US middle the dialogue between Afghanistan and the Afghan Taliban (who are reportedly stationed in their safe heavens in Pakistan).

The dialogue mantra is not new; earlier former Afghan president Hamid Karzai tried his level best; he was even named the “Taliban brother” by his opponent, for his struggle taking his “angry brothers”, as he called them in his speeches, on board. But those dialogues would always find an unknown blow sometimes by the middling Americans and almost by the disturbing attacks on NATO, Afghan security forces and the civilian from Taliban. And such event would always get a restart after a go on and go off turns in the process. Afghanistan even lost the Afghan leader Professor Burhanuddin Rabbani, a farmer Mujahideen leader and head of the Peace Council a committee created to monitor and go for dialogue with Taliban.

Afghan government, intelligentsia, spy agency reports, even the western media would name the only name “Pakistan” being the double standard ally in dialogue with the Taliban. Because it was viewed by some analysts that Pakistan wanted to give a tough time to International Community at the same time would hide its face behind the so called peace dialogue process.

Again in four point agenda it’s visible that Pakistan is not in the favor to bound Taliban for ceasing attacks across Afghanistan. As Sartaj Aziz has already talked about several Taliban groups; no doubt one group led by the Akhtar Mansoor, the nearest one to Pakistan’s spy agency Inter-Services Intelligence would be brought to the table. But his rival groups are showed not to be in control of Pakistan, who experts’ states are under the same Pakistani umbrella but only showed to the world as divided. And this would be the only excuse this time not to let the peace process find its destination.

#Rukhsana who was stoned to death for marrying a loved one

I was away from the internet as usual as I had come to my town. But find the chance to go through social media accounts.  On social media many of likeminded youths had updated their accounts with a photo of a cute girl seeming to be on the peak of her youth.

This time it’s Rukhsana, a beautiful girl in photo she pours tea in a traditional pottery, her head covered in the cultural scarf Afghan ladies tie around their heads.

The news is confirmed by the Afghanistan’s Ghor province governor Ms Seema Joyenda and has further stated that the death is an outcome of the Taliban, warlord and local religious leaders. While the police official has stated that the said incident took place in a “Taliban controlled area”.

Joyenda added that Rukhsana was married to someone else against her will and this is why she had switched to come in love with a man of her age that resulted in a run from home.

The story gets more solid points when her death video is circulated in social media. As Afghanistan is not now the land ruled by Taliban and several social and political organizations have worked on the status of media and human rights. Though many stories don’t make their ways to media but sometimes the ones like of Rukhsana and earlier Farkhunda comes out. And makes noises and cries in liberal, secular and human loving social workers sectors. Therefore the easiest way is social media to upload and explain the story would surely go virally.

The social media video as claimed to be the stoning to death video is not that clear; but a human being in the hole is shacking head as bearded people throw stones on their target. This two minute video shows that some of the people are in uniform like dresses with guns but everyone take part in the practice and an old man record the seen.

It’s clear in Islam that women can select their life partner. And when it comes to local customs most of the time the proposals sent to the families are rejected either for the economic or social status, mostly, of the male partner. This is the reason that couples run away and marry in another town or city of the country. This is why such deaths through stoning take place. Social and economic differences are not letting the couple to like each other and have a married life.

Earlier NYT had reported another couple when the female partner family from a Tajik tribe had just opposed the boy proposal because he was a Hazara. After having life in prison and shelter home the couple made breaking news when human right organizations interfered in the issue and the couple was let to live their life.

According to Naseer Nangial, a socio-political activist and researcher on the Pashtun code of life at University of Balochistan told that the rigid structure of families should have a change when marrying their daughters and sisters. They should ask the will of the couple for the marriage or see if they already like someone else. Then no running with anyone else of choice would take place.

How confusion is created when Mullah Omer death is announced after two year?

The death of Mullah Omer, is sudden news of 2 years old death, but force #Afghan Taliban leadership to mourn for three days now. First news released that the second in command Mullah Akhter Mansoor had differences with him and he was killed (According to Fidai Mahaz led by Mansoor Dadullah) then it was stated an ordinary death owing to kidney failure in Karachi hospitals (first by Khamaa News & then by BBC).

Pakistan is never that naive, nor that simple, it plays till the last and keeps all cards in its hand till getting the victory. No matter whether it was Osama Bin Laden the well known AlQaeda supremo or now it’s Mullah Muhammad Omer, the emir of the faithful. How this country is cashing these things just enjoy watching its tactics and techniques it plays with others. Even the well known world power United States is dodged in different missions. Or I would say from the last three decades when the Afghan Holly War was started in a combined way.

What’s happening next, who’s been given the supremo power, what would be his duties, how would the Afghanistan government be dealt in a time when the ISAF forces have almost left Afghanistan and the new elections have changed the throne of Kabul ruler from Hamid Karzai​ to Ashraf Ghani​. I still am confused and feel this all game being hijacked by Islamabad at the end of the day. But lets see, enjoy reading analysis, sources, news and views.

Afghanistan and Pakistan spy agencies sign MoU

Memorandum of Understanding between Afghanistan and Pakistan spy agencies NDS and ISI, NDS chief Nabil says he’s not signed. The two countries are nearer on security issues with each other after the deadliest attack on a Peshawar based Army Public School that killed several children.

Whereas the current Afghan president Ashraf Ghani has showed much flexibility toward Pakistan if compared with the former Afghan presidentHamid Karzai.

Currently the Afghanistan elected leadership especially the president of Afghanistan Ashraf Ghani and the former president Hamid Karzai, his team members and the security officials, particularly the former NDS chiefAmrullah Saleh and current chief Nabil are never siding with this all easy change in Afghan policy toward Pakistan.

As far as observed from Pakistani media; the Pakistan based intelligentsia mostly biased toward Afghanistan, their country are backing the current improvement in the relations between the two countries. Because a theory of “strategic depth” and Pakistan interference in Afghanistan was thought to be ousting India and its impact on Kabul as a friend. (India has no soldier on Afghan land) Though India has played a key role in promoting Afghanistan development.

Another school of thought used to elaborate the situation that Pakistan is willing to install Taliban and get influence over Kabul more to its arch rival India. What would they think about the issue now as Afghanistan new government has given enough space to Pakistan. Even MoU between the spy agencies of the two countries.

Pakistan’s PM & COAS arrive at Kabul

Pakistani premier Nawaz Sharif in Kabul on a visit to discuss the ties of Afghanistan and Pakistan. This comes after the first phase of Sharif visit when he announced Afghanistan as a sovereign state in his previous visit.

It is better known in Pakistan that the militancy in Afghanistan is boosted from the sanctuaries on Pakistani soil. And this practice is thought to be forcing Kabul based government not to remain friendly India but have a space for Pakistan.

Nawaz Sharif as a democratically elected premier was lashed by the country’s powerful establishment (always spy agencies) when he had announced a political friendship with Afghanistan and India.

Experts are of the views that Nawaz was handing over the Afghanistan ties to Pashtun nationalists instead of any other official of the country. This was not liked by the country’s establishment so they pushed up Imran Khan the Pakistan Tehreek e Insaf Chairman to bow down central government in Islamabad.

Mr. Khan’s months long sit-in in Islamabad at last forced central government to have not only space for country’s establishment in the foreign policy toward Afghanistan and India; but Army leaders got a complete control of it again. And that pushed the Afghan president to visit General Head Quarters instead of the elected government.

Pakistani establishment (the strong army) is believing in Afghanistan to be its strategic depth.

The existence of militancy has not only remained a threat to Afghanistan but it has crossed the line into Pakistan. Days earlier Pakistan Army’s Public Relations department ISPR announced the existence of RAW supported and backed disturbance in Pakistan.

These remarks come in a time when Pakistan economic hub Karachi is disturbed by different groups of target killing and bomb blasts. The same is taking place across Balochistan where Baloch separatists killed 20 labourers last month. Khyber Pashtunkhwa felt shocked in the last decade as it has lost 70 thousand people in different attacks and operations in Khyber Pashtunkhwa and FATA. The last one was a Pakistani Taliban attack in Peshawar based Army Public School. The latest responsibility of attack on a Pakistani helicopter was also claimed by TTP when Nawaz Sharif and other foreign diplomats were to launch important project in Gilgit Baldistan.

At the same time Afghanistan’s north (the peaceful areas of the country) have felt Taliban insurgency for the first time in last 14 years. This is a real concern for Afghan officials because the only areas they had kept calm were north of Afghanistan. At the same time President Ashraf Ghani​ has explained ISIS existence in Afghanistan when he was on his visit to the US last month.

Now the two leaders of Pakistan and Afghanistan are putting a therapy to the wounds of the two countries caused by the militancy in a time when Afghanistan has signed different agreements with International forces including US Bilateral Security Agreement between Afghanistan and United States​. As well as China and India. How are these agreements felt by Pakistan and its strategic team led by establishment, is a bigger question to be answered.

Afghanistan: Qatar peace talks with Afghan Taliban

The media organizations focused on Afghanistan are busy reporting the Qatar based gathering of Afghan Taliban and the High Peace Council of Afghanistan.

Afghan government has formed its delegation to meet the Qatar based Afghan Taliban political secretariat. The Doha based group of Taliban leadership is well known for their diplomatic stay and office since the previous government under farmer president Hamid Karzai made several attempts taking Taliban in confidence and some time calling them “brothers”.

The Taliban spokesman Zabihullah Mujahid had earlier stated about the gathering to be a conference where views would be share. Seems that they are not bound to discuss the forth coming peace process, they are here merely sharing point of views.

Earlier sources of different media groups had released the secrets that Taliban would be handed over the power of Southern Provinces neighboring Pakistan, from where the sanctuaries of Afghan Taliban are told active.

According to some analysts Pakistan seems to have changed its attitude toward the militancy in Afghanistan and both the countries Pakistan and Afghanistan have find a safe side of dialogue; this boosted after the Tehreek e Taliban Pakistan attacked the Peshawar based Army Public School, killing some 132 children and school staff and wounding several others. The visits by Pakistan Chief of Army Staff Gen: Raheel Sharif and ISI DG to Kabul was hoped to be building a shared strategy to counter terrorism in the region. And then Afghan president Ashraf Ghani visited Pakistan, an outcry was heard from inside Afghan circles when he visited General Headquarters the Pakistan army high office near Islamabad.

After months of the peace meetings now the Afghan Interior Minister Noorul Haq Uloomi, has claimed in his recent comments to media “Our south is disturbed by our enemy and the north by friends”. In Afghanistan enemy is a term used for the militants, mostly Taliban and probably now Islamic State, yet to be taking ground. And other experts also raised fingers over Pakistan role in stopping the sanctuaries on its soil in Quetta, Peshawar and Federally Administered Tribal Areas (FATA) well known for Quetta Shura, Haqqani Network and Hizb e Islami (Gulbadin Hekmatyar).

A new fold may come in dialogue with the Taliban, as Pakistan is said to be fully pressurizing Afghan Taliban to become part of the peace process. But the said process is a sign of concern after the Southern Commander and Kandahar Police chief Gen: Raziq told that him and other Afghan National Security Forces Commanders head are told to be the price of peace negotiation with Taliban, he further added that he’s having documents where the Afghan High Peace Council exchange sensitive information with the Taliban commanders. According to him the Afghan security officials who are die hard front line figures would be killed by the will of foreign spy agencies in the disguise of Taliban.

On the other hand Chief Executive of Afghanistan Dr. Abdullah Abdullah told a gathering nominating the Kandahar new governor that those sons of the soil who are defending motherland are laudable. And it’s never possible to exchange their lives for making peace with Taliban. If the concerns of Afghan security officials become true and the high command of the Afghan National Security Forces is killed, it would surely create a chaos in the already fragile government led by President Ashraf Ghani and Chief Executive Abdullah Abdullah.